What to do? Can you help? Once infected it is important to make sure that you clean up all the leaf material and dispose of it. Our one Whitney crab tree leaves are full of spots and falling also. The rust affects leaves, stems, and fruit but is commonly found on the leaves and leaf petioles. Thanks for another fascinating article, Paul. Red currant tends to grow in isolated but dense stands. The fruits are round, almost spherical and 6-10mm in diameter. Now, mid July, currant bush leaves almost all yellow and dropping. Currant canes lack the spines and bear 8 to 30 pea-sized berries in clusters. Thanks for your comment. Red currant, (or redcurrant), Ribes rubrum is a member of the Gooseberry family, Grossulariaceae . This time of year is great for getting out foraging for berries – over the next month or so, there’ll be lots of treats to be had! . It is native across Europe. There are several named cultivated varieties with red, pink, two-tone or white flowers. Leaf Spot. Would you like to improve your ability to identify useful trees and plants? P.S. The eggs hatch in spring and form aphid colonies that migrate to the lower side of leaves. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Hi paul. I took over a garden with both and wanted to know because of pruning. Nice article. I’ve learnt something new as always. It’s been good down here too. The junipers have fungus that is a jello-like feel and is bright orange during damp weather. Another great one Paul, there is a lot of suspicion about wild fruits these days and people do not pick them as they used to. , Good to hear from you. Ribes sanguineum, the flowering currant, redflower currant, red-flowering currant, or red currant is a North American species of flowering plant in the family Grossulariaceae, native to western United States and Canada (British Columbia, Washington, Idaho, Oregon, California), but widely cultivated and naturalized throughout temperate Europe and Australasia. I learnt something too – ‘aalbes’ . Learn how your comment data is processed. Var. is there any way of telling black and red currants apart at this time of year (winter – so there are no leaves)? I hear Officer Taylor is still on patrol…. Ask an Expert is made up of groups and individual experts. I find them a bit sharp for my taste, nice cooked with something sweet though! Nor does it provide a complete treatment of all poisonous plants that may also be present in the habitat where you find the above-mentioned plants. They are followed by a heavy crop of long, drooping clusters of medium to large, edible, bright red currants which ripen in mid-summer. Red currants can also be frozen to be used when not in season. 133,343,351 stock photos online. It is not a complete treatment of all edible plants that might be available. I am a city-dweller who wants to learn how to forage for stuff in a suburban context – what can we find and where do we look? http://www.extension.umn.edu/garden/yard-garden/fruit/currants-and-gooseberries-in-the-home-garden/ . Warning..it smells bad when cooking but spread over fresh salmon and grill till brown and I guarantee the best tasting salmon ever! Hope you manage to save some of your jelly until Christmas…. Suggestions? If it is a bad infection remove and destroy plant. Best regards, Peter. They are quite acidic containing, amongst other acids, a significant amount of ascorbic acid (Vitamin C), with a concentration of about 40mg/100g fruit. Nigel Slater's redcurrant tart is large and sweet with a crumbly pastry and vanilla filling. http://www.extension.umn.edu/garden/yard-garden/fruit/currants-and-gooseberries-in-the-home-garden/. I only used what I needed for a jelly for both pork and turkey dishes – delicious – and left the rest for the birds. Hello Paul, great article. Wild currants are closely related to gooseberries. When I was younger, I used to see people picking fruit along the hedgerows as I cycled past. Maybe eliminating the ones on the end that create the block so that you have 2 rows instead of a block. Red currant is native to parts of Western Europe but is also widely cultivated, with some wild populations being formed by naturalised escapees. I have come across redcurrants in woods near me recently(Gloucestershire),they were ripe but did not have much of a crop on them,i have blackcurrants in my own garden which are ripe now but have failed this year to yield a good crop too. As the infection worsens, leaves fall off the currant bush. Quick facts. The sedge plant is the alternate host of this rust. Notify me of followup comments via e-mail. Interesting. You can also subscribe without commenting. The red currant is a multiple-stemmed bush that usually grows up to 5 feet tall and wide, producing chains of small, edible bright-red berries that ripen in July. Thanks for your feedback. This article is meant only as a guide and is largely a record of my recent forages. Recipe. Common name Currant blister aphid. The most important thing to remember when identifying wild foods is: Foraging for Early Spring Greens: Some to Eat, Some to Avoid…, The Difference Between Chickweed and Yellow Pimpernel. Read on and learn about the many black currant leaf uses. Asked September 6, 2013, 7:02 PM EDT. Red Currants Appearance. Now I see hardly anyone doing this. We found and picked a bunch of red berries thinking they were red currants. The fruits are typically ripe in July and into August. Located nearby, 6' away, are junipers. Sliced red Onions are often part of the mix. The flowers, which are present April to May, are a fairly uninspiring yellowy-green, small and not particularly noticeable. Your email address will not be published. Just read your great article which stopped us from munching on the guelder rose berries we spotted on a walk. I remember you well. They are sweet, being a good source of glucose, fructose and sucrose but also rather tart. Thank you Paul, for this great article. Find out more about the next available course by clicking the following link: Paul Kirtley’s Tree and Plant Identification Masterclass. Red Currant Fool . This deciduous shrub produces clusters of pale green flowers in spring. Last year one small section, bush, of the bunch, died. Several stems are leafless. There are no effective pesticides to control White Pine Blister Rust. Download 6,179 Red Currant Green Leaves Stock Photos for FREE or amazingly low rates! I wasn’t too hopeful to be honest, because of all the wet weather (all berries and fruit need rain of course) but despite the deluge and these bushes being South facing, its been a bumper crop. They normally do when they get ripe. The spots have a reddish appearance. Symptoms of the disease: there are two types of septoria - rusty, when bright orange nodules appear on the leaves of red currant, and white, in this case the spots are round, gray-white with brown edging. Part of the Grossulariaceae family which include the other currants and gooseberry, the red currant originated in Northern Europe. You’ll find the guelder rose berries a fair bit less palatable than redcurrants Viburnum opulus berries have a single flat seed inside, somewhat resembling an enlarged pepper/capsicum seed – another way of aiding identification. Interesting to hear it’s been a “bumper” year up there. They have translucent skin and you can sometimes see the pips inside. If you are collecting to take some home, there are all manner of recipes which incorporate red currants to choose from. For instance, I hadn’t realised that redcurrant leaves didn’t smell like black currant. It sucks plant juices from leaves and young stem growth, causing deformed and brown foliage. Alternatively, place trusses in bags and put into the freezer for later use. Gooseberry canes normally produce a spine at each leaf node and bear roughly grape-sized berries singly or in groups of two or three. They leave a sticky residue on foliage that attracts ants. It should be noted that the guelder rose, Viburnum opulus, despite growing to a much larger size than red currant plants, is also a shrub with lobed leaves and red berries. People use the seed oil, leaves, fruit, and flowers to make medicine. If you’ve found red currants while you’ve been out and about recently, let me and other readers know: Are they ripe where you are? The safest way to learn about edible wild plants is for someone who already has the knowledge to show you in person. Yes, I’ve found redcurrant crops this year from my two spots I know of in Kirknewton and South Queensferry. Some Redcurrants here in Leicestershire, but the local crop is not very good surprisingly. glutinosum, found along the coast of California and Oregon, has less hairy leaves. Birds and small mammals are fond of them and the berries usually quickly disappear as they become ripe. Light Needs. You also would need to create more air circulation around the plants, pruning and moving some would be a good idea. Currant Mosaic. I’m assuming a bird had dropped them there…. Apart from the difference in stature of the shrubs, guelder rose fruits grow in bunches more like elderberries, Sambucus nigra and the individual fruits themselves have opaque skin and look more waxy than redcurrants as well as lacking a “tail”. Deciduous. New growth this spring, and nice berry crop this June which was turned into jam/jelly. Flavor. It has a woody stem and bluntly-toothed, palmate leaves with 3 to 5 lobes, somewhat reminiscent of a maple leaf. Any foraging you do on your own is at your own risk. Unlike black currants, which have well-rooted cuttings taken from any part of the shoot, red ones are better adapted to those taken from the top of the branch. Currants come in red, black, and gold colors when ripe. Also, near where I was camped last week, I found a few slightly squished redcurrants on the ground under some birches within what is largely a sweet chestnut coppice. The currents could have anthracnose or a leaf spot disease. Thank you for this article. Let steep for 10 – 15 minutes. Red currant (Ribes nigrum) is an upright small sized deciduous shrub that fruits mid Summer. Therefore there is some potential for confusion. Last year one small section, bush, of the bunch, died. This viral disease appears as a chlorotic pattern (light and dark areas) on the leaves. Warm regards, Paul, Hi Paul. ... On the underside of the leaves in two of the photos (actually of the same leaf, I think) you'll see black bugs shaped like pointy eggs and lots more smaller black specs that I am guessing might be youngsters. Its fruits are edible and it is relatively easy to recognise and distinguish from other species. Thank you, anne connolly. This fungus I looked up on the internet and it is supposed to affect apple trees negatively. You’ve just helped me to confirm that the ‘red currant like’ berries that I have foraged are in fact guelder rose. I personally find them a bit too sharp to eat raw but you can always cook them with something sweet. Adding manure, organic soil conditioner or compost is a great initiative upon planting. Avoid wetting the leaves when watering. Leaf spot causes red or white currant bush foliage to become dotted with black or brown spots. It can be used for the preparation of jams and jellies, tarts and cakes, some of the basic red currant recipes are: Red Currant sorbet – Since the red currants are intense, they are used for the preparation of syrups and sorbets. They’re called currant aphids because they only feed on currants. Also of nutritional interest is red currants containing a significant amount of pyridoxine (one of the chemicals that can be called Vitamin B6). Currants can be harvested in summer when the fruits are firm and juicy. In clusters of up to 20 shiny berries – at first green then bright red – drooping strings of fruit form where the flowers once were. Hi Paul, Aphid, settled on the leaves of red currant, attracts ants who love to eat the paddy, released by aphids. Thanks, I’ll give your recipe a go. In others, they disappeared quickly (I left some to go back to). Blackcurrant boom here, my daughter and I lunched for free last weekend in the woods. Strange as we are told that there has been a resurgence in interest in wild foods. Megan. Common Pest and Cultural Problems for Currant Plants. The fungus can live in the soil and in dropped foliage, so gardeners should rake up leaves as they fall. Required fields are marked *. Red currant is native to parts of Western Europe but is also widely cultivated, with some wild populations being formed by naturalised escapees. They were about 100m from the nearest stand of plants. If you want to learn more about plant identification you should invest in some good field guides. Out of interest what are you making the birch tar for? It most closely resembles the native Swamp Red Currant (Ribes triste), which has similarly shaped flowers that are typically pinkish to purplish, with anthers that are more heart-shaped than dumbbell-shaped, and has scattered glandular hairs on flower stalks, which Garden Red Currant lacks. This insect feeds on numerous wild hosts, and damage occurs most frequently when such plants are allowed to grow near currants and gooseberries. New users enjoy 60% OFF. I have foraged lovely blackberrys from which I made jam (I picked 6.5pds of fruit and it didn’t even DENT the bounty that was on offer) and will attempt this year to make rosehip syrup but there are two other fruits on offer – ones that look like redcurrants and ones that look like blackcurrants. Black currants, Ribes nigrum, are much less common than red currants but the plants look very similar. The leaf is thickened where the cluster cup later appears. What you call Guelder Rose is called High Bush Cranberry in Canada. The best use is to boil and strain off the seeds, add orange zest, sugar or maple, Mrs. St. Paul backyard has several red currant bushes, all grouped together, about 4' x 6' total. Ribes rubrum 'Red Lake' is a compact Red Currant for culinary or dessert use. Ingredients. Black currant (Ribes nigrum), sometimes known as blackcurrant, is a woody shrub native to Europe and Asia.Although this currant plant is grown for its small black berries, it is also highly valued for the leaves, which are said to have great value as a medicinal herb. Red currant fruits are used to make jellies, syrups and wines. It bears deep green leaves 2” wide, each with 3-5 lobes. On the leaves of currant red spots. well, I’ve tasted the French River area gooseberries and if these are the same, my mouth is salivating at the back just thinking of them. They are fuller and more upright with straighter branches, and grow to 5-6 feet tall and wide. Morphology: This deciduous, multi-stemmed shrub grows 8’-10’ tall on upright-arching stems. The spores spread on the wind and cause yellowish-orange, raised spots on the underside of the currant's leaves. Overview Information Black currant is a plant. Guelder rose can also grow in the same habitat – I have certainly seen guelder rose growing alongside red currants in a damp alder wood. In the UK the species is widely distributed but grows most commonly in the southern half of England. Older leaves will be spotted with many tiny, light spots. Pale yellow aphids may be seen on the lower leaf surface. The red currant shrub will grow vigorously in its first year and then flower and fruit the second year however sometimes it may take up to 5 years to mature and bear fruit. Without the berries present, you can tell the difference between red currants and black currants by the smell of the leaves. Good to hear you’ve had some fruit, even if it hasn’t been redcurrants. Black currant leaves smell strongly of black currant cordial, while red currant leaves are unscented and just smell “green”. And sometimes we make a pesto with our Lemon Basil and some good olive oil--maybe a little extra lemon as well, and some parmigiano cheese. What are black currant leaves for? I think the interest is there but you are right, many people are still suspicious or, more to the point, don’t trust their own judgement. Thank you for your help! 750 gr red currants removed from stalks; 2 tsps vanilla extract; 4 tbsps icing sugar (or confectioner’s sugar) 200 ml double or whipping cream The plant is an upright deciduous shrub, typically growing 1.0 – 1.5m in height, sometimes up to 2.0m. I found some today whilst collecting birch bark from a fallen tree (i make birch tar) and they made a very refreshing snack. This step is an important one, so refer to our guidance for planting. Plants affected Red, white and blackcurrants. The species is widely cultivated and has escaped into the wild in many regions. Hi Peter, it’s good to hear from you. They’re called currant … They are easily collected and make a great wayside treat. Dash, garlic, salt and pepper. Thanks for your article:the rest will go in the bin. The leaves are bigger and the branches provide more interest in the winter because the red buds are bigger. Red currants have a mild, sweet flavor. It is typically found on river banks and in damp, shady deciduous woodland, often associating with Alder, Alnus glutinosa. Most active Late April-June. So a big thankyou! The redcurrant, or red currant (Ribes rubrum) is a member of the genus Ribes in the gooseberry family. Causes: thickened planting bushes, the presence of weeds, infection through insects or in the wind. Currants and gooseberries belong to the genus Ribes (from the Arabic or Persian word ribas meaning acid-tasting). Basil , either with the leaves whole or cut into ribbons, is a frequent player. Thank you for the information. I thought this article was about red current/tide first! These return to the currant by autumn, and lay overwintering eggs on the shoots. The berries are edible. The optimal length of cuttings is 4-6 buds. If you fear your red currants will get spoiled before usage, simply pop them in the freezer. Thanks Paul. These leaves and lots of others are yellowing and withering. It is typically found on river banks and in damp, shady deciduous woodland, often associating with Alder, Alnus glutinosa. Here is more info about growing and caring for currents. More distinctive and richer in vitamin C, black currants are pungent... Growth Habits. Aphids: Greenish, red, black or peach colored sucking insects can spread disease as they feed on the undersides of leaves. Instructions: Boil water & let sit for 5 minutes. Great article but we need more on fruits that we can forage closer to home! The red currant’s deep bluish-green leaves also add interest to landscapes throughout the spring, summer and autumn. I’ve just eaten a little bunch of the guelder rose berries-to test, though I felt sure they were redcurrants. Red currant bushes prefer rather well drained soil. Your article above was really helpful, as I now suspect the red ones are Guelder Rose bushes, so I won’t be picking those; but the other ones could be blackcurrants, and how do I tell if they are what they appear to be and not some potentially poisonous wannabe fruit? The flowers themselves and the racemes they grow in help identify them as Ribes though. Now, mid July, currant bush leaves almost all yellow and dropping. The leaves of red currant, especially young shoots, are exposed to great danger from the attack of a huge number of voracious pests that feed on the sap of the plant, piercing their delicate and soft leaf tissues with special proboscis. Please read the BSBI’s Code of Conduct for the Conservation and Enjoyment of Wild Plants for guidance on the best practice (and UK laws) relating to foraging for wild plant foods. Has it been a good crop there too? If they are all planted close together with poor air circulation and there is wet weather that can be a problem. Red currant tends to grow in isolated but dense stands. It’s good to hear that you got something out of it. They are a bit different but equally worthwhile seeking out. Disease: red currant septoriosis. You saved me! From below, a sharp garden knife makes an oblique incision at a distance of 2 cm (0.8 inch) below the kidneys. Not worried about the crab tree but about the currant. Like gooseberries they have ribs like lines of longitude on a globe. Scientific name Cryptomyzus ribis. A few places where I’ve found them, they certainly had. Unripe berries or a large number of ripe berries are mildly poisonous and can cause vomiting and diarrhoea. Clusters of large, bright red berries, delicious eaten fresh or used in jams and jellies, ripen mid-July. Although closely related, you can easily distinguish currants and gooseberries by examining the canes and fruit. The cedar apple rust is what your junipers have. Here is more info about that. Alternatively, red currant bushes are smaller (3-5 … Red Currants dying . If properly settled in, caring for currant bushes is quite easy. How to trim red currant bushes Main symptoms Leaves are puckered, often with reddish or yellowish green discolouration. Pruning and caring for currant bushes. Self-fertile. I have a couple of lovely parks near my home in London and they are chokka with hedgerow plants that are fruiting after this bumper harvest year. Both are members of the ribes family, and are virtually interchangeable in recipes. Cut whole trusses and use immediately, or store in the fridge for a few days. The consequences of this disease are: decrease in shoot growth; a sharp decrease in … A: The blisters on currant leaves are caused by small, pale aphids feeding from the underside. Paul Kirtley’s Tree and Plant Identification Masterclass, Code of Conduct for the Conservation and Enjoyment of Wild Plants. It is quite active and runs and flies readily. Treat for leaf spot with an approved fungicide. Currant blister aphid affects red, white and black currant, as well as the wild relative jostaberry (also genus Ribes). Thanks for your additional high bush cranberry tips. Pauline, Your email address will not be published. :S Here in the Netherlands, I haven’t seen these redcurrants here, although they are here, known as ‘aalbes’ I have seen the guelder rose though, but never felt to sure about the berries. The upper surfaces of the leaves are smooth, while the lower surfaces are white and finely hairy. I offer an online tree and plant identification course, which flows through the seasons. I wonder if the birds and mice have got to the redcurrants first? Very often, such symptoms determine anthracnose — a common disease of red currant, which is caused by fungi of the genus Gloeosporium.