Additional minimum income of a farmer is Rs. /H [ 2266 4471 ] endobj This process is achieved by the worm through a dense fluid secreted from its structural glands, resulting in the fiber of the cocoon. Crop loss due to pests, predators, natural climaties and diseases. %PDF-1.4 tasar silkworm rearing depends mainly on choosing suitable locations and allocating to each location, the right season and food plant most likely to get success in the area selected for rearing. Muga Silkworm Reering. of India MYSORE - 570 008 INDIA Tel. Agri. 0000028564 00000 n Rearing of Eri Silkwom 6.3. 1.3 Sericulture and its components Commercial rearing of silk producing silkworm is called sericulture. 0000007383 00000 n Layout, Madivala, Hosur Road, Bangalore – 560 068, Karnataka State, INDIA. There are many varieties Tasar silk worm such as the Chinese tasar silkworm Antherae pernyi Guerin which produces the largest quantity of non-mulberry silk in the world, the Indian tasar silkworm Antheraea mylitte Tasar seed production, Rearing tasar silkworm and finally tasar silk reeling and spinning by these people provides them to earn for their livelihood 30% to 50%. 0000081874 00000 n Commercial Silkworm Rearing PRADAN New Delhi Mahila Kisan Sashaktikaran Pariyojana Ministry of Rural Development Govt. 3. 0000197914 00000 n Other Silkworm Moths. 2. disinfection of the rearing room and appliances, procurement and handling of silkworm eggs and incubation, young and late age silkworm rearing, general hygiene, moulting care, mounting, spinning, harvesting of cocoons etc. of India Central Silk Board Ministry of Textiles Govt of India. Other chemicals used as contact disinfectants for muscardine include benzoic acid, aliband, chemi-chlon, benzoalkonium chloride, mixture of ceresan and lime, etc. Member Secretary & CEO, Central Silk Board, CSB Complex, B.T.M. indoor rearing of tasar silkworm on jamun leaves for the first time in india and world. REARING PERFORMANCE OF OAK TASAR SILKWORM DURING SUMMER CROP Ritwika Sur Chaudhuri1*, S. Subharani2, N. Ibotombi Singh3, L. Bidyapati Devi4 & A.K. There is a need for quality and nutritious mature mulberry leaves throughout the complete rearing period of silkworms. Silk was believed to have first been produced in China as early as the Neolithic Period. 0000024846 00000 n Enjoy the videos and music you love, upload original content, and share it all with friends, family, and the world on YouTube. Rearing of tasar silkworm, Antheraea mylitta D. ecorace Daba (T. V.) was conducted outdoor in natural forest condition on host plant Terminalia tomentosa and T. arjuna . xref Assam is the only place in the world where all commercially exploited varieties of silk viz. 0000207941 00000 n Terminalia tomentosa, W & A (Fig. Influence of new host plants on larval duration and total life cycle of Eri silkworm during (Nov–Dec and Jan-Feb ). b) Weaving of Fabric. Integrated technology package for rearing of tasar silkworm D. TROPICAL TASAR - SILKWORM PROTECTION 1. This species is native to India. silkworm industry of both France and Italy in 1965 Louis Pasteur -The technique of mother moth examination for the supply of disease free silkworm eggs. 1973;51-53. In the recent times, the concept of indoor rearing of Tasar silkworm A. mylitta by use of artificial diet was successfully done for young age worms [8, 9]. other Oak species produces high quality firewood and the most suited food plant for rearing of the oak tasar silkworm, Antheraea proylei. Most of the research and development of technology is confined to China, India, and Japan in Asia. With the plantation of 3, 000 hectares of Tasar silk trees in privately owned wastelands in the villages, Livelihoods-Arjuna project will generate income for 4, 000 rural households represented by women. ERI CULTURE 6.1. << L. Speciosa, Pers. Layout, Madivala, Hosur Road, Bangalore – 560 068, Karnataka State, INDIA. 5. Tasar silkworm-rearing is a traditional practice of the forest-dwelling communities, to supplement their livelihoods. 2017-09-17T01:30:19Z 4. Tasar silkworm, Antheraeamylitta Drury (Lepidoptera: Saturniidae) is one of the commercially exploited non-mulberry silkworms mainly reared outdoor on many wild plants. Influence of new host plants on larval duration and total life cycle of Eri silkworm during (Nov–Dec and Jan-Feb ). Tasar is a variety of silk produced from tropical tasar silkworm (Antheraea mylitta) and temperate tasar silkworm (Antheraea proyeli J) by feeding on Arjun (Terminalia arjuna), Asan (Terminalia tomentosa) and Oak plants They complete their life cycle of four different metamorphosing phases, egg, larva , Wild silkmoths include tasar silkworm, eri-silkworm, oak-tasar silkworm … 0000207522 00000 n 0000225080 00000 n 1990;57-60. startxref /Root 306 0 R (Print): 2454-7913 ISSN NO. Nitro Pro 8 (8. PRODUCTION Silkworm larvae are fed with mulberry leaves, and, after the fourth moult, climb a twig placed near them and spin their silken cocoons. 0000211943 00000 n The ecorace of tasar silkworm occurring in cashew (Anacardiumoccidentale L.) plantations of Puttur was identified as A. mylitta KE-02. Types of agricultural activities include subsistence farming, nomadic herding, commercial plantation, livestock rearing, etc. 15/2 Rome. It is an agro-based industry comprising three main components: i) cultivation of food plants of the 0 It is actually one of a number of tasar silkworms, species that produce Tussar silk, a kind of wild silk that is made from the products of saturniid silkworms instead of the domesticated silkworm (Bombyx mori). admin June 7, 2020 June 7, 2020. <> 0000207822 00000 n 0000006737 00000 n The tasar silkworms belong to the genus Antheraea and they are all wild silkworms [54]. Eri Silkworm 6.2. Improving mulberry silkworm rearing using powders of lime and wood ash and its effects on productivity Usama Mohamed Ghazy 1* , Ghada Mahmoud Ahmed 2 , Tahia Azooz Fouad 3 Chawki rearing of tasar silkworm under nylon net 4. 0000027664 00000 n 305 56 endobj %���� The primary food plants are eight types. >> 4. 6. 0000209230 00000 n During rearing, environmental fluctuations were seen, which sometimes involved unfavourable conditions like rain, storm or hail. In the last decade or so, the utilization of tasar silkworm seed has augmented manifolds due to contribution of more number of beneficiaries and remunerative price for seed and commercial cocoon. Kumar et al. As the rearing is … Antheraea mylitta is a species of moth in the family Saturniidae known commonly as the tasar silkworm and vanya silkworm. 5. /Type /Catalog Rearing of Muga Silkworm 5.3. 3. <. Nowadays, the business of rearing silkworm is being increased with a rapid rate throughout the different portion of the world because of too much profit is there with little care and management of the worms. Download full-text PDF. Renuka G, Shamitha G. Genetic variation in the eco races of tropical tasar silkworm, Antheraea mylitta D. Journal of Genetics. /OCProperties<< /D<< /Order[310 0 R 3 0 R 6 0 R 9 0 R 12 0 R 15 0 R 20 0 R 25 0 R 33 0 R 41 0 R 48 0 R 53 0 R 60 0 R 68 0 R 73 0 R 80 0 R 86 0 R 91 0 R 102 0 R 113 0 R 119 0 R 126 0 R 132 0 R 138 0 R 145 0 R 152 0 R 161 0 R 168 0 R 175 0 R 184 0 R ]/ON[310 0 R 3 0 R 6 0 R 9 0 R 12 0 R 15 0 R 20 0 R 25 0 R 33 0 R 41 0 R 48 0 R 53 0 R 60 0 R 68 0 R 73 0 R 80 0 R 86 0 R 91 0 R 102 0 R 113 0 R 119 0 R 126 0 R 132 0 R 138 0 R 145 0 R 152 0 R 161 0 R 168 0 R 175 0 R 184 0 R ]/OFF[]/RBGroups[]>>/OCGs[310 0 R 3 0 R 6 0 R 9 0 R 12 0 R 15 0 R 20 0 R 25 0 R 33 0 R 41 0 R 48 0 R 53 0 R 60 0 R 68 0 R 73 0 R 80 0 R 86 0 R 91 0 R 102 0 R 113 0 R 119 0 R 126 0 R 132 0 R 138 0 R 145 0 R 152 0 R 161 0 R 168 0 R 175 0 R 184 0 R ]>> The majority of silkworm rearing technologies were at moderate level. TRAINING MODULE FOR TASAR COMMERCIAL REARERS 1 Disclaimer Central Silk Board (CSB) or PRADAN does not make any warranty, either express or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility … Oak tasar culture in India is a recent practice which initiated with the synthesis of the Antheraea proylei during 1970s. >> 5. 0000082922 00000 n Lagerstroemia parviflora, Roxb. observed that the jamun is a potential new host of tropical tasar silkworm. 1.5). /L 1338403 << 0000216785 00000 n 0000024697 00000 n 7. The traditional rearing of Antheraea mylitta D., tasar silkworm on forest grown trees resulted in 80-90% crop loss due to pests, predators, natural calamities and diseases 3. An experimental rearing of tropical tasar silkworm, Antheraea mylitta Drury was conducted to study silkworm-food plant-interaction and thereby to search for an alternate silkworm food plant. 2. The life cycle of mulberry silkworm completes in 45-55 days, consists of stages egg, larva, pupa and moth. sericulture is concerned with the rearing of mulberry silkworm for production of pure silk and non-mulberry sericulture is concerned with the production of different varieties of ‘Vanya’ or wild silks by rearing eri (Samia ricini), muga (Antherea assama), tropical tasar (Antheraea myllita) and temperate tasar (Antheraea proylei) silkworms. /O 307 Central Silk Technological Research Institute, Bangalore (Karnataka). 0821-2362757, 2901103 Fax : 0821-2362845 Website: www.csrtimys.res.in email:director@csrtimys.res.in 6.The roof of the house should be of either Asbestos sheets or RCC to avoid entry of the Uzi-fly. Tasar Silkworm Rearing, Oak Tasar Silkworm Rearing, Eri Silkworm Rearing, Muga Silkworm Rearing Paper III: GRAINAGE / REELING / ECONOMICS & VALUE ADDITION IN SERICULTURE Unit –I: Silkworm seed technology (10) Silkworm egg production, embryonic development, diapause and non-diapause eggs, acid treatment, incubation of eggs in grainages through incubation chambers and … Success has been achieved in this regard to some extent. Bio Bulletin (2019), Vol. SILKWORM PATHOLOGY Dr. Mahesha H B Associate Professor and Head Department of Sericulture Yuvaraja’s College University of Mysore, Mysuru, India 12 October 2019 www.hbmahesh.weebly.com 1 . Mulberry silkworm rearing, being completely domesticated, demands specified environmental conditions like optimum temperature (24-28oC) and relative humidity (70-85%). 0000227267 00000 n 0000208941 00000 n PDF Published Aug 17 ... Suryanarayan SK, Kumar R. Sericulture Manual – 2, Silkworm rearing, F.A.O. 2017-09-17T01:30:24Z Kumar et al. Member Secretary & CEO, Central Silk Board, CSB Complex, B.T.M. 1. 0000225254 00000 n 0000082706 00000 n History of Mulberry Silkworm: Bombyx mori is popularly called the Chinese silkworm or Mulberry silkworm moth. Influence of new host plants on. (Dandin et al., 2003). 3. 305 0 obj D on Grainage and silkworm rearing traits G. Lokesh, A. K Srivastava, P. K. Kar and M. K. Sinha Silkworm Breeding & Genetics, Central Tasar Research & Training Institute, Central Silk Board, Ranchi, 835303, India . Zizyphus mauritiana, Lam. Central Tasar Research and Training Institute, Ranchi (Jharkhand). 0000208858 00000 n 0000116092 00000 n Hardwickia binata Roxb Male Female. 0000001455 00000 n SILK AND ITS USE 8.1. Tropical Tasar and Temperate Tasar but in Chhatisgarh tropical tasar silkworm is produced. 0000027596 00000 n A.mylitta Moth REARING Tasar silkworm is polyphagous. Evaluation of oak tasar silkworm hybrids in different seasons for improvement in productivity. Manohar Reddy, Rupesh Charan, B.C. 2. Trapping of adult Yellow Fly males and females manually with the help of gummy sticks during the rearing period. By using our innovative product, young age rearing of tasar silkworm can be conducted at farmers living premises by farmers; it does not require any sophisticated instruments hence the technology is farmer’s friendly and easy to handle. Stifling 5.3.2. Rearing of Silkworm. Degumming 5.3.2 .Reeling 6. 0000081834 00000 n endobj It is actually one of a number of tasar silkworms, species that produce Tussar silk, a kind of wild silk that is made from the products of saturniid silkworms instead of the domesticated silkworm (Bombyx mori). This species is native to India. 0000211787 00000 n DISEASES AND PESTS OF SILKWORMS 7.1. Tasar silkworm rearing. 0000024769 00000 n 3. 0000028098 00000 n 0000024886 00000 n 2. uuid:765c6216-95ad-46e6-8677-ead30a43984a Use of DFLs. folks in neighboring Jharkhand and Orrisa where tasar silkworm rearing is extensively spread. TASAR AMRIT cost is Rs. 1.5). To pursue this one needs to have a background in science.There are two types of degree, B.Sc. stream The growth parameters and cocoon characters of the tasar silkworm reared on jamun leaves were normal. BROAD SEGMENTS OF TASAR SUB-SECTOR 1. 0000184167 00000 n b) Silkworm rearing on host plants. The rearing of Tasar silkworm, A. mylitta D., is conducted a in the indoor conditions with T. arjuna as a food plant in Central Tasar Research and Training Institute, Ranchi during first rearing season. T. arjuna, W&A (Fig. The project also involves biodiversity preservation in 3, 600 additional forest hectares and will support 1, 200 households undertake silkworm rearing in host trees. … Economic Importance 6. Post Cocoon Processing 5. /ID [<99b6b7b66d42b0c917e0f37f5a46dff2><99b6b7b66d42b0c917e0f37f5a46dff2>] /Pages 303 0 R The Indian tasar silkworm Antheraea mylitta is a natural fauna of tropical India, represented by more than 20 ecoraces. trailer The importance of silkworm in … This mixture taken in muslin cloth can be spread directly on silkworm in each instar at a recommended dosage of 4 gm/ 0.1 nr of rearing tray. /Size 361 Post Cocoon Processing 7. /S 3822 /Prev 1332165 Rearing of the F 1 hybrid progenies was conducted as per standard 0000218315 00000 n LIFE CYCLE OF ERI SILKWORM PDF - Samia ricini, or the Eri silkworm, is raised in India and parts of the Orient for its silk. The tasar silkworm successfully lasted its life cycle ranged from 65 to 70days. 0000198878 00000 n The term tasar has been apparently derived trasara meaning shuttle. The experiment was consisted three different indoor rearing methods for rearing chawki larva. Sericulture (Tasar Type): Although Tasar and Munga silkworms are wild in nature, but attempts have been made and are in progress to domesticate them too. ... Rearing of Muga silkworm Muga silkworm rear in out door on tree. Antheraea mylitta is a species of moth in the family Saturniidae known commonly as the tasar silkworm and vanya silkworm. 1.5). 1. These moths feed on leaves of oak, are found in abundance in sub-Himalayan belt. 360 0 obj Tasar Silkworm Rearing • Separate set plants for Young worms • Applying of higher dose of manures • Regular pruning to maintain height. 0000107523 00000 n In hot regions, … Randomized block design with two way factor was followed by three replicates. /Info 304 0 R 1. It is well known for genuine silk. The effective rate of rearing, weight of from 75 to 80 per cent, 25 to 35 g, 10 to 12 g, MUGA CULTURE 5.1. d) Marketing of Yarn and Fabric. /E 233531 Sinha5 1,2,3,4Regional Tasar Research Station, Central Silk Board, Ministry of Textiles (Govt. /Length 4394 It is a homometabolous insect, those that undergo a complete metamorphosis. Post Cocoon Processing 5.3.1. and rearing of tasar silkworm was conducted at well maintained host plant field laboratory of Central Tasar Research & Training Institute, Ranchi, during second crop (September-October) season. Shorea robusta, Roxb 4. It is therefore necessary to evolve measures for economic cooling through selection of proper material for wall and roof fabrication, orientation of building, construction method, design, etc. Wild silkmoths include tasar silkworm, eri-silkworm, oak-tasar silkworm and muga silkworm. 2017-09-17T01:30:24Z 0000226993 00000 n Pathology/Pathobiology -The scientific study of the nature of disease and its causes, processes, development, and consequences. Diseases 7. They complete their life cycle of four different metamorphosing phases, egg, larva , Wild silkmoths include tasar silkworm, eri-silkworm, oak-tasar silkworm and. 0000212845 00000 n 0000213117 00000 n 10) Foliar application of Sodium Hypochlorite to check Virosis and Bacteriosis in tasar silkworm. Post-cocoon Segment: a) Yarn production. During rearing period: Rearing of tasar silkworm must be conducted under nylon net protection during the final stage to cocoon formation in the field up to the harvest of cocoons. Based on the different structured training programmes results has drawn it can be concluded that training has got a great impact on the development of skills and stream /Linearized 1 Influence of new host plants on. L. indica, Linn. T. arjuna, W&A (Fig. 306 0 obj endstream 3. After completion of rearing in different cycles the mortality at larval stages due to pathogenic and predaceous mortality was calculated and recorded. Sharma KB, Pandey V. A comparative study on the laboratory culture of Antheraea mylitta D.Mendel. Sericulture is the cultivation of silk through rearing of silkworm. << 0000226910 00000 n Silkwork is produced from cocoons of Antheraea assamensis which is available only in Assam. 0000207632 00000 n 5(2): 09-13, Chouhan et al., 9 ISSN NO. c) Marketing of cocoons. 0000225528 00000 n 2000-2500/- by spending Rs. 0000218048 00000 n Services Bull. The rearing of the tasar silkworm Antheraea mylitta D (Andhra local, Daba TV/BV) ecoraces were reared on the Terminalia plantation raised at Kakatiya University campus (Figure 3) and the larval span, moth colour, voltinism etc were observed. Introduction of this new sericiginous interspecific hybrid which is a cross between have been rearing tasar silkworms for centuries. 0000082816 00000 n /Names << /Dests 272 0 R>> This mixture taken in muslin cloth can be spread directly on silkworm in each instar at a recommended dosage of 4 gm/ 0.1 nr of rearing tray. 1.4. 2016 in the first crop rearing season of the Tasar silkworm Antherae amylitta Dat Pilot Project Centre (PPC), Kathikund, Dumaka, Jharkhand located at 24°21′32″N 87°25′11″E,to study the “Impact of brushing date and direction on pest severity and cocoon production of tasar silkworm’. %%EOF parental oak tasar silkworm species/breeds, viz., RPP, RP, A. pernyi, PRP 5, BY 1, B 6, A. proylei, Blue, PRP 12 and C 27 in different cross combinations based on their combining abilities (unpublished data). Besides more than two dozens of secondary food plants. Due to continuous … Prasad, 33 3C. The Indian tasar silkworm, Antheraea mylitta is a natural fauna of tropical India. On the 1st day of the fifth instar, the larvae were inoculated by dipping in Eri silkworm rearing. Rearing of Tasar Silkworm 4.3. Leaf Surface Microbe (LSM) for silkworm … %PDF-1.5 Generalized size of an egg & sperm showing that the silkworm sperm can not carry pebrine spore as it is bigger than sperm head. Mulberry (Pat), Eri, Muga and Oak tasar silk are produced. LIFE CYCLE OF ERI SILKWORM PDF. application/pdf of India), Imphal-795002, Manipur, INDIA 5Central Tasar Research and Training Institute, Central Silk Board, Ministry of Textiles (Govt. Rearing tasar worms is a precarious and fragile practice that the Santhal tribals and other villagers engage in, both because this has been their traditional occupation and because a good harvest provides them a much-needed economic support TASAR SiLkWORM REARinG in RAJDAh Introduction —A fter spending about six months Oak Tasar silk moth: A finer variety of tasar silk is generated by the silkworm Antheraea proyeli and A. pernyi. This indoor rearing method includes cage, jar and tray methods. (2013) reported that one of the main constraint in tasar culture is … REARING Tasar silkworm is polyphagous. 0000216387 00000 n Most of the silkworm rearers belong to indigenous communities (categorized as Scheduled Tribes in the Indian Constitution). Semi-domesticated rearing of modal ecorace in its natural habitat was made possible by Nayak [10]. 10) 0000211640 00000 n The silkworm-food-plant-interaction was studied with six different food plant species viz. Abstract- The immense variability in the population of tropical tasar silkwormAntheraea mylitta D is an intriguing aspect to tasar silkworm rearing depends mainly on choosing suitable locations and allocating to each location, the right season and food plant most likely to get success in the area selected for rearing. 0000216634 00000 n Shorea robusta, Roxb 4. >> 0000198415 00000 n Muga Silkworm 5.2. 0000170287 00000 n Mulberry silkworm rearing, being completely domesticated, demands specified environmental conditions like optimum temperature (24-28oC) and relative humidity (70-85%). Nayak [ 10 ] Chouhan et al., 9 ISSN NO total life cycle of silkworm. With two way factor was followed by three replicates to indigenous communities ( categorized as Scheduled in! Assamensis which is available only in Assam silk Board Ministry of Textiles Govt of India Central silk Research. ( Jharkhand ) tasar and Temperate tasar but in Chhatisgarh tropical tasar on. 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For improvement in productivity member Secretary & CEO, Central silk Technological Research Institute, Bangalore 560... Home Personal growth life cycle of Eri silkworm PDF Jan-Feb ) exploited varieties of silk producing silkworm produced. Of rearing in different cycles the mortality at larval stages due to …. Factor was followed by three replicates larval duration and total life cycle ranged from 65 to.. Rear in out door on tree Jharkhand and Orrisa where tasar silkworm reared on jamun leaves normal! The silkworm Antheraea mylitta is a recent practice which initiated with the of... Rearing chawki larva study of the nature of disease and its causes, processes, development and. With two way factor was followed by three replicates manures • Regular to... There is a potential new host of tropical India, and consequences mylitta D. Journal of Genetics the is... Silkworm: tasar silkworm rearing pdf mori is popularly called the Chinese silkworm or mulberry silkworm moth of... Exploited varieties of silk viz tasar silkworm rearing pdf of moth in the fiber of the tasar silkworm in. Technology is confined to China, India, Pandey V. a comparative study on the culture., India, and consequences of Eri silkworm PDF rearing of Antheraea which! Road, Bangalore ( Karnataka ), Antheraea mylitta is a need for quality and nutritious mature leaves! Virosis and Bacteriosis in tasar silkworm D. tropical tasar silkworm rearing is … % PDF-1.4 % ���� 0!, development, and consequences generated by the silkworm Antheraea proyeli and A. pernyi more than 20 ecoraces Assam the... Secretary & CEO, Central silk Board Ministry of Textiles Govt of India Central silk Board, CSB Complex B.T.M... Glands, resulting in the eco races of tropical tasar silkworm is produced herding, plantation! Time in India and world worms • Applying of higher dose of manures • Regular pruning to maintain height practice. Mature mulberry leaves throughout the complete rearing period of silkworms the Chinese silkworm or mulberry silkworm: Bombyx is.

tasar silkworm rearing pdf

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